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Data respository


König, E. & V. Gast (2012 [20092/20071]). Understanding English-German Contrasts. Grundlagen der Anglistik und Amerikanistik. Berlin: Erich Schmidt Verlag. [3rd, extended edition].

Gast, V. (2006). The Grammar of Identity: Intensifiers and Reflexives in Germanic Languages. Routledge Studies in Germanic Linguistics. London: Routledge.

Edited works

Gast, V. & H. Diessel (eds.) (2012). Clause Linkage in Cross-Linguistic Perspective: Data-Driven Approaches to Cross-Clausal Syntax. Trends in Linguistics. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton. [introduction].

Gast, V. & E. König (eds.) (2008). English in Contrast. Special issue. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 56.3. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann. [introduction].

König, E. & V. Gast (eds.) (2008). Reciprocals and Reflexives — Theoretical and Cross-linguistic Explorations. Trends in Linguistics. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton. [introduction].

Gast, V. (ed.) (2006). The Scope and Limits of Corpus Linguistics — Empiricism in the Description and Analysis of English. Special issue. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 54.2. [introduction].

König, E. & V. Gast (eds.) (2002). Reflexives and Intensifiers — the Use of Self-forms in English. Special issue. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 50.3. Tübingen: Stauffenburg. [introduction].

Journal articles

Gast, V. (forthcoming). 'Paradigm change and language contact: A framework of analysis and some speculation about the underlying cognitive processes'. JournaLIPP.

Vanderbeke, D., V. Gast & C. Wehmeier (2017). 'Of gaps and holes and silence: Some remarks on elliptic speech and pseudo-orality in James Joyce's short story "The Sisters"''. Literary Linguistics 6.1.: Art. 5.

Gast, V. (2015). 'On the use of translation corpora in contrastive linguistics: A case study of impersonalization in English and German'. Languages in Contrast 15.1: 4-33. (Special issue on 'Contrasting contrastive approaches', ed. by B. Defrancq.)

Gast, V. and C. Rzymski (2015). 'Towards a corpus-based analysis of evaluative scales associated with even'. Linguistik Online 71. (Special issue on 'Focus Particles in the Romance and Germanic Languages. Corpus-based and Experimental Approaches', ed. by de Cesare, Anna-Maria & Cecilia Adorno.)

Gast, V., L. Deringer, F. Haas and O. Rudolf (2015). 'Impersonal uses of the second person singular: A pragmatic analysis of generalization and empathy effects'. Journal of Pragmatics 88: 148-162.

van der Auwera, J., V. Gast and J. Vanderbiesen (2012). 'Human impersonal pronouns in English, Dutch and German'. Leuvense Bijdragen 98.1: 27-64. (Special issue on 'A Germanic Sandwich', ed. E. Ruigendijk.) [draft].

Gast, V. and J. van der Auwera (2011). 'Scalar additive operators in the languages of Europe'. Language 87.1: 2-54.

Gast, V. (2008). 'V-N compounds in English and German'. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 56.3: 269-282. [preprint].

Gast, V. (2007). 'From phylogenetic diversity to structural homogeneity - on rightbranching constituent order in Mesoamerica'. SKY Journal of Linguistics 20: 171-202. [pdf].

Gast, V. (2007). 'I gave it him. On the motivation of the "Alternative Double Object Construction" in varieties of British English'. Functions of Language 14: 31-56. (Special issue on 'Ditransitive constructions', ed. A. Siewierska and W. Hollmann.) [proofs].

König, E. & V. Gast (2006). 'Focused Expressions of Identity - A Typology of Intensifiers'. Linguistic Typology 10.2: 223-276.

Gast, V. (2006). 'The distribution of also and too - a preliminary corpus study'. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 54.2: 163-176. [preprint].

Gast, V. & P. Siemund (2006). 'Rethinking the relationip between SELF-intensifiers and reflexives'. Linguistics 44.2: 343-381. (Special issue on 'Operations on argument structure: A typological perspective', ed. D. Hole and P. Siemund.) [draft].

König, E. & Gast V. (2002). 'Reflexive pronouns and other uses of self-forms in English'. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 50.3: 1-14.

Chapters/papers in edited volumes

Evans, N., M. Carroll, W. Arka, C. Döhler, V. Gast, E. Kashima, E. Mittag, K. Quinn, D. Schokkin, C. van Tongeren, J. Siegel, P. Tama (forthcoming). 'The languages of Southern Papua New Guinea'. In B. Palmer (ed.): The Languages and Linguistics of New Guinea: A Comprehensive Guide. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton.

Atayan, V., B. Fetzer, V. Gast, D. Möller, T. Ronalter (forthcoming). 'Ausdrucksformen der unmittelbaren Nachzeitigkeit in Originalen und Übersetzungen: Eine Pilotstudie zu den deutschen Adverbien gleich und sofort und ihren Äquivalenten im Französischen, Italienischen, Spanischen und Englischen'. In Ahrens, B., S. Hansen-Schirra, M. Krein-Kühle, M. Schreiber, U. Wienen (eds.): Translation und Linguistik. Berlin: Frank & Timme. [preprint].

Gast, V., V. Atayan, J. Biege, B. Fetzer, S. Hettrich, A. Weber (forthcoming). 'Unmittelbare Nachzeitigkeit im Deutschen und Französischen: Eine Studie auf Grundlage des OpenSubtitles-Korpus'. In Konecny, C., C. Konzett, E. Lavric, W. Pöckl (eds.): Comparatio delectat III. Akten der VIII. Internationalen Arbeitstagung zum romanisch-deutschen und innerromanischen Sprachvergleich. Frankfurt: Lang. [preprint].

Gast, V. (forthcoming). 'An exploratory, corpus-based study of concessive markers in English, German and Spanish: The distribution of although, obwohl and aunque in the Europarl corpus'. In I. Recio, L. Nadal, A. Cruz and O. Loureda (ed.): Methodological Approaches to Discourse Markers. Pragmatics & Beyond. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Gast, V. (2017). 'The scalar operator even and its German equivalents: Pragmatic factors determining the use of auch, selbst and sogar'. In De Cesare, Anna-Maria (ed.): Focus on Additivity. Multifaceted views on Focusing Modifiers, 201-234. Benjamins.

Gast, V. (2017). 'So much as and even in downward entailing contexts. A quantitative study based on data from the British National Corpus'. In Emonds, Joseph & Markéta Janebová (eds.): Language Use and Linguistic Structure. Proceedings of the Olomouc Linguistics Colloquium 2016. Olomouc: Palacký University.

Gast, V., L. Bierkandt, S. Druskat & C. Rzymski (2016). 'Enriching TimeBank: Towards a more precise annotation of temporal relations in a text'. In Nicoletta Calzolari et al. (ed.): Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC). European Language Resources Association.

Kranich, S. & V. Gast (2015). 'Explicitness of epistemic modal marking. Recent changes in British and American English'. In J.R. Zamorano-Mansilla, C. Maíz, E. Domínguez & M.V. Martín de la Rosa (eds.): Thinking modally: English and Contrastive Studies on Modality, 3-22. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. [preprint].

Gast, V., L. Bierkandt and C. Rzymski (2015). 'Creating and retrieving tense and aspect annotations with GraphAnno, a lightweight tool for multi-level annotation'. In Bunt, H. (ed.): Proceedings of the 11th Joint ACL-ISO Workshop on Interoperable Annotation, 23-28. Tilburg: Tilburg Center for Cognition and Communication. [pdf].

Gast, V., L. Bierkandt and C. Rzymski (2015). 'Annotating modals with GraphAnno, a configurable lightweight tool for multi-level annotation'. In M. Nissim & P. Pietrandrea (eds.): Proceedings of the Workshop on Models for Modality Annotation, 19-28. Stroudsburg, PA : Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL). [pdf].

Deringer, L., V. Gast, F. Haas & O. Rudolf (2015). 'Impersonal uses of the second person singular and generalized empathy'. In Sorlin, S. & L. Gardelle (eds.): The Pragmatics of Personal Pronouns, 311-334. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Gast, V. & N. Levshina (2014). 'Motivating w(h)-clefts in English and German: A hypothesis-driven parallel corpus study'. In de Cesare, Anna-Maria (ed.): Frequency, Forms and Functions of Cleft Constructions in Romance and Germanic. Contrastive, Corpus-Based Studies, 377-414. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton. [draft].

Druskat, S., L. Bierkandt, V. Gast, C. Rzymski, F. Zipser (2014). 'Atomic: an open-source software platform for multi-level corpus annotation.'. In J. Ruppert & G. Faaß (eds.): Proceedings of the 12th Konferenz zur Verarbeitung natürlicher Sprache (KONVENS 2014), October 2014, 228-234. [pdf].

Gast, V., E. König & C. Moyse-Faurie (2014). 'Comparative lexicology and the typology of event descriptions: A programmatic study'. In Gerland, D., C. Horn, A. Latrouite & A. Ortmann (eds.): Meaning and Grammar of Nouns and Verbs, 145-183. Düsseldorf: Düsseldorf University Press. [prefinal].

Gast, V. and J. van der Auwera (2013). 'Scalar additive operators in Transeurasian languages: A comparison with Europe'. In M. Robbeets & H. Cuyckens (eds.): Shared Grammaticalization. With Special Focus on the Transeurasian Languages, 113-145. Amsterdam: Benjamins. [preprint].

Gast, V. & J. van der Auwera (2013). 'Towards a distributional typology of human impersonal pronouns, based on data from European languages'. In Bakker, D. & M. Haspelmath (eds.): Languages Across Boundaries. Studies in Memory of Anna Siewierska, 119-158. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton. [preprint].

Gast, V. (2013). 'From æghwæ&edh;er to either. The distribution of a negative polarity item in historical perspective'. In Eckardt, R. & M. Sailer (eds.): Beyond any and ever, 79-101. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton. [preprint].

V. Gast (2013). 'At least, wenigstens and company. Negated universal quantification and the typology of focus quantifier'. In G. Tsoulas, S. Harlow & K.H. Gil (eds.): Strategies of Quantification, 101-122. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [draft].

Putnam, M. and V. Gast (2012). 'The syntax and semantics of excess: OVER-predicates in Germanic'. In Jaehoon Choi, Alan Houge, Jessamyn Schertz, Jeff Punske, Deniz Tat & Alex Trueman (eds.): Proceedings of the 29th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics, 223--23. [pdf].

Gast, V. & D. Wiechmann (2012). 'W(h)-Clefts im Deutschen und Englischen. Eine quantitative Untersuchung auf Grundlage des Europarl-Korpus'. In Gunkel, L. & G. Zifonun (eds.): Jahrbuch des IDS 2011, 333-362. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton. [preprint].

Gast, V. & H. Diessel (2012). 'The typology of clause linkage: Status quo, challenges, prospects'. In Gast, V. & H. Diessel (eds.): Clause Linkage in Cross-Linguistic Perspective: Data-Driven Approaches to Cross-Clausal Syntax, 1-36. Trends in Linguistics. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton.

Gast, V. & J. van der Auwera (2012). 'What is "contact-induced grammaticalization"? Examples from Mesoamerican languages'. In B. Wiemer & B. Hansen (eds.): Grammatical replication and grammatical borrowing in language contact, 381-426. Berlin: Mouton. [preprint].

Gast, V. & M. Schäfer (2012). 'Relative clauses with adverbial meaning: A quantitative investigation of hybrid adjunct clauses in Latin'. In Gast, V. & H. Diessel (eds.): Clause Linkage in Cross-Linguistic Perspective: Data-Driven Approaches to Cross-Clausal Syntax, 363-391. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton.

Gast, V. & F. Haas (2011). 'On the distribution of subject properties in formualic presentationals of Germanic and Romance: A diachronic-typological approach'. In Malchukov, A. & A. Siewierska (eds.): Impersonal Constructions, 125-164. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Gast, V. (2010). 'Contrastive topics and distributed foci as instances of sub -informativity: A comparison of English and German'. In Breul, C. & E. Göbbel (eds.): Comparative and Contrastive Studies of Information Structure, 15-50. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

van der Auwera, J. & V. Gast (2010). 'Categories and prototypes'. In J.J. Song (ed.): The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology, 166-189. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [preprint].

Gast, V. & J. van der Auwera (2010). 'Vers une typologie des opérateurs additifs scalaires'. In Hadermann, P. & O. Inkova (eds.): Approches de la scalarité, 226-247. Genève: Droz.

Gast, V. (2009). 'A contribution to "two-dimensional" language description: The Typological Database of Intensifiers and Reflexives'. In S. Musgrave, M. Everaert and A. Dimitriadis (ed.): The Use of Databases in Cross-Linguistic Research. Berlin: Mouton. [draft].

Gast, V. (2008). 'Modal particles and context updating - the functions of German ja, doch, wohl and etwa'. In Vater, H. and O. Letnes (ed.): Modalverben und Grammatikalisierung, 153-177. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag. [pdf].

Gast, V. & F. Haas (2008). 'On reflexive and reciprocal readings of anaphors in German and other European languages'. In König & Gast (eds.): Reflexives and Reciprocals - Theoretical and Cross-linguistic Explorations. [draft.pdf].

König, E. & V. Gast (2008). 'Reciprocals and reflexives - typology, description and theory'. In König & Gast (eds.): Reciprocals and Reflexives - Cross-Linguistic and Theoretical Explorations. Berlin: Mouton.

König, E. & V. Gast (2006). 'The role of contrastive descriptions: tense and aspect in English and German'. In Kötter, M., O. Traxel and S. Gabel (eds.): Investigating and Facilitating Language Learning. Papers in Honour of Lienhard Legenhausen, 65-81. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag.

Gast, V. (2004). 'The interpretation of logophoric self-forms, and some consequences for a model of reference and denotation'. In Branco, A., T. McEnery & R. Mitkov (eds.): Proceedings of the 5th Discourse Anaphora and Anaphora Resolution Colloquium DAARC, 75-80. Lisbon: Ediçôes Colibri. [pdf].

Gast, V. & D. Hole (2003). 'On paradigmatic (in)coherence in Romance and Germanic reflexives'. In L. Gunkel, G. Müller, G. Zifonun (eds.): Arbeiten zur Reflexivierung, 75-89. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer.

Survey articles

Gast, V. (2013). 'Contrastive analysis'. The Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning, 153-158. London: Routledge. [draft].

Gast, V. (2012). 'Contrastive analysis: Theories and methods'. In Kortmann, B. (ed.): Dictionaries of Linguistics and Communication Science: Linguistic theory and methodology. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. [draft].

Gast, V. & E. König (2008). 'Introduction'. In Gast & König (eds.): English in Contrast. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik. Special issue. 56.3: 213-214.

Gast, V. (2006). 'Introduction'. In V. Gast (ed.): Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik. Special issue. 54.2: 113-120.

Gast, V. (2006). 'Focus particles'. In Brown, K. (ed.): The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, Vol. 4, 518-519. Oxford: Elsevier. [2nd edition].

Gast, V. (2006). 'External Possession'. In Brown, K. (ed.): The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, Vol. 9, 773-774. Oxford: Elsevier. [2nd edition].


Gast, V. (2010). Review of: "May-Britt Moosegard Hansen, Particles at the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface: Synchronic and Diachronic Issues. A Study with Special Reference to the French Phasal Adverbs. Oxford/Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2008." Linguistics 48.6: 1389-92.

Gast, V. (2008). Review of: "Insa Gülzow, Intensifiers in Language Acquisition. A Comparative Analysis of English and German. Berlin: Mouton, 2006." Linguistics 46.3: 651-57.

Gast, V. (2008). Review of: "Karsten Rinas, Die Abtönungspartikeln doch und ja. Semantik, Idiomatisierung, Kombinationen, tschechische Äquivalente. Frankfurt: Lang, 2006." Language in Contrast 8.1: 134-141.

Gast, V. (2002). Review of: "Konrad Ehlich, Jakob Ossner, Harro Stammerjohann (eds.), Hochsprachen in Europa - Entstehung, Geltung, Zukunft. Freiburg: Fillibach, 2001." Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 50.1: 80-2.

Gast, V. (2002). Review of: "Elly van Gelderen, A history of English Reflexive Pronouns - Person, Self and Interpretability. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 2000." Language 78.3: 583-5.

Electronic publications

Gast, V. (2008). Typological Database of Focus Quantifiers.

Gast, V., D. Hole, E. König, P. Siemund, S. Töpper (2007). Typological Database of intensifiers and Reflexives (TDIR). [Version 2.0].